The Kutch exploration continues and I will blog today on the second spot, I had visited in Kutch. I had been to Shyamji Krishna Varma Memorial house that is located in the Mandvi city in the Kutch district of Gujarat state. The memorial house was built to pay tribute to the freedom fighter Shyamji Krishna Varma. It is also an educational spot that enlightens the history of INDIA where many great warriors, freedom fighters, Social Reformers and many Indians had fought for our country’s freedom.
Shyamji Krishna Varma was born on 4th October 1857 in Mandvi city. He did his primary education in Mandvi and completed his secondary education in Bhuj city. Thereafter he went to Wilson High School, Mumbai for his further studies, where he learnt the Sanskrit language. In 1879, he joined as an assistant professor of Sanskrit in Balliol College, Oxford University. In 1882, he passed and achieved the BA degree from Balliol College. In 1884, he earned Barrister at Law from the Oxford University. After completing his studies, in 1885 he returned back to India and started his practice as a lawyer. Later, he decided to fight for India’s independence and in 1897, he left for England to fight against the British’s rule from their own country. In 1900, he bought an expensive house in Highgate. This house became a base for all the Indian political leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Lokmanya Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai and many others, to discuss the independence of India. In 1905, he published the first issue of ” The Indian Sociologist” and also founded “The Indian home rule society”. This organisation, was founded to promote the cause of self rule in British India. Shyamji Varma also established India House as a hostel for Indian students based at 65, Cromwell Avenue, Highgate. Soon the India House became one of the most prominent centers of revolutionary Indian nationalism based outside India. Due to the increasing pressure from the British Government, Shyamji Krishna Varma left Britain and went to Paris. He arrived in Paris in the year 1907 and continued his work there. The Indian Sociologist was shifted to Paris as the British government sealed the India house. Later in 1922, Shyamji Krishna Varma published two more issues of The Indian Sociologist in Paris. He died on 30th March, 1930. He had made pre arrangements with the local Government of Geneva and St. George Cemetery to preserve his and his wife Bhanumati ashes at the cemetery itself for 100 years and later send to the independent INDIA.
After 55 years of Indian Independence, Narendra Modi, the prime minister of INDIA was successful in bringing back the urns of the great freedom fighter Shyamji Krishna Varma and his wife Bhanumati. It was the dream of the prime minister Narendra Modi’s to build a memorial house to pay tribute to Shyamji Krishna Varma and many such freedom fighters, Indian warriors who fought for our country’s independence. Then, a replica of India House was built as a part of Memorial house. The India house has a library, an audio/video room and paintings of the Indian warriors, nationalists, revolutionaries made by esteemed artists of Gujarat.
If you are planning to visit Kutch, please do visit this Memorial house. I will share a few pictures of the memorial below.